What are the causes of pelvic pain?

Possible causes of pelvic pain in both men and women include:

  • Appendicitis
  • Bladder disorders (such as urinary tract infections)
  • Sexually transmitted diseases
  • Kidney infection or kidney stones
  • Intestinal disorders (such as diverticulitis or colitis)
  • Nerve conditions (such as pinched nerves of the spine)
  • Hernia
  • Pelvis disorders (such as tightness and spasm of pelvic muscles)
  • Broken pelvic bones
  • Psychogenic pain (pain related to stress or psychological traumas from the past)

Possible causes of pelvic pain in women only include:

  • Pregnancy
  • Ectopic pregnancy
  • Miscarriage
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Ovulation
  • Menstrual cramps
  • Ovarian cysts or other ovarian disorders
  • Fibroids
  • Endometriosis
  • Cancer (cervix, uterus, or ovaries)

Many symptoms are related to pelvic pain. Some of these symptoms include:

  • Menstrual cramps
  • Menstrual pain
  • Vaginal bleeding, spotting, or discharge
  • Painful or difficult urination
  • Constipation or diarrhea
  • Bloating or gas
  • Blood seen with a bowel movement
  • Pain during intercourse
  • Fever or chills
  • Pain in the hip area
  • Pain in the groin area

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