What is the outlook for people with dissociative identity disorder (DID)?

People with DID generally respond well to treatment. However, treatment can be a long and painstaking process. This usually begins by identifying and empowering all personalities to help integrate them into a full-functioning whole. To improve a person’s outlook, it is important to treat any other problems or complications, such as depression, anxiety, or substance abuse.

Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 04/20/2016.


  • American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing, 2013.
  • Mental Health America. Dissociation and Dissociative Disorders Accessed 5/16/2019.
  • National Alliance on Mental Illness. Dissociative Disorders. Accessed 5/16/2019.
  • Steinberg, M. Interviewers’ guide to the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Dissociative Disorders (SCID-D). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing, 1994.

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