Can depersonalization/derealization disorder be prevented?

Although it may not be possible to prevent depersonalization/derealization disorder, it may be helpful to begin treatment as soon as the symptoms are recognized. Generally, quick intervention following a traumatic event or an emotionally distressing experience may reduce the risk of developing dissociative symptoms.

Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 04/20/2016.


  • American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing, 2013.
  • Carlson, E. B. & Putnam, F. W. DES: Dissociative Experiences Scale II Accessed 4/20/2016.
  • Mental Health America. Dissociation and Dissociative Disorders Accessed 4/20/2016.
  • Steinberg, M. Interviewers’ Guide to the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Dissociative Disorders (SCID-D). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing, 1994.

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