How is benign prostatic hyperplasia diagnosed?

Your doctor will look at your medical history and give you a complete physical. Your doctor will perform a digital rectal examination by inserting a gloved, lubricated finger into your rectum to feel the prostate. Because the prostate gland is in front of the rectum, it is relatively easy for the doctor to feel much of the gland. This enables him or her to estimate the size of the prostate and to detect any hard areas that could be cancer.

Several studies may be performed to help diagnose your condition:

  • A seven-question survey may be completed to evaluate your symptoms.
  • A flow study may be conducted to measure how slow the urinary stream is compared with normal flow.
  • A study may be conducted to detect how much urine is left in the bladder after urination is completed.
  • In addition, the physician may need to look into the bladder. The procedure is called cystoscopy.

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