Can migraines be prevented?

There is no cure for migraine headaches. However, you can take an active role in reducing how often migraines occur and/or their severity by following these tips.

  • Keep a migraine diary. Note the foods and other triggers that may have led to the development of your migraine. Make changes in your diet and avoid known triggers as much as possible.
  • Get 7 to 9 hours of sleep a night.
  • Eat at regular intervals; do not skip meals.
  • Drink plenty of water.
  • Exercise regularly and maintain a healthy weight.
  • Learn techniques to control stress such as meditation, yoga, relaxation training, or mindful breathing.
  • Take medications as directed by your doctor.
  • Talk to your doctor about hormone therapy if your migraine is thought to be linked to your menstrual cycle.
  • Consider trying a transcutaneous supraorbital nerve stimulation device. This battery-powered electrical stimulator device is approved by the Food and Drug Administration for prevention of migraine. The device, worn like a headband, emits electrical charges through the forehead. The charge stimulates the nerve that transmits some of the pain experienced in migraine.

Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center. Advertising on our site helps support our mission. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services. Policy