How can I know if I have testicular cancer?

If you have symptoms of testicular cancer or if you notice any changes in either or both testicles, you should contact you health care provider. Many times, changes in the testicles are not cancer. Your health care provider can find the cause of your symptoms.

During your visit, you will be asked to talk about your symptoms and any illnesses you have had in the past. The health care provider will feel the scrotum for lumps. Samples of blood and urine might be taken for testing. You might also undergo an ultrasound of the scrotum and testicles so your doctor can see if there is a tumor present.

When cancer is thought to be present, the testicle must be removed and looked at under a microscope. Removing the testicle should not interfere with being able to have sex or to father children. The remaining testicle will go on making sperm and the male sex hormone, testosterone.

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