How is amplified musculoskeletal pain syndrome in children treated?

Depending on the child’s level of pain and ability to function, the treatment is usually a team approach. The team has several specialists, including:

  • Doctors
  • Nurses
  • Physical and occupational therapists
  • Child psychologists
  • Music therapists
  • Recreational therapists

Treatment can last several weeks and involve the following interventions:

  • Exercise (strengthening and aerobic) to keep the body moving and improve the child’s flexibility and functioning
  • Physical therapy and occupational therapy
  • Selected medications
  • Psychological counseling to address any stresses or emotional problems the child may be having, such as anxiety, depression or an eating disorder, in addition to learning to function with pain
  • Music therapy to help the child relax
  • Wellness treatments, including biofeedback, meditation, mind-body skills
  • Desensitization (applying pressure to sensitive areas on the body to allow the patient to “break through” the pain and get used to stronger and stronger pressure)

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