How is galactorrhea managed or treated?
Treatment for galactorrhea varies depending on the cause of the condition. In some people, it goes away on its own without any treatment.
To manage the condition, your doctor may recommend:
- Avoiding the action or conditions that cause the condition
- Stopping or changing medications that cause the condition
- Taking medication to manage the production of prolactin
In cases where a pituitary tumor causes galactorrhea, the tumor is usually benign (not cancerous). If the tumor does not cause any other complications, your doctor may determine that treatment is unnecessary.
If your doctor recommends treatment for a pituitary tumor, it usually involves medication to shrink the tumor or stop the production of prolactin. In rare cases, doctors use surgery or radiation therapy to remove or shrink a pituitary tumor.
What complications are associated with galactorrhea?
Some medicines used to treat galactorrhea may involve complications including infertility and vision problems.
Sometimes a pituitary tumor causes levels of estrogen (female hormones) in the body to decrease. Women with low estrogen levels are at an increased risk of developing osteoporosis (fragile and brittle bones). Your doctor may recommend taking oral contraceptives containing estrogen to decrease this risk.