How is typhoid fever treated?

Antibiotics are used to treat typhoid fever. These medications kill the bacteria that cause the infection. Several different types of antibiotics are used to treat typhoid fever. In many cases, typhoid fever is treated with ampicillin, chloramphenicol, or cotrimoxazole (Bactrim®). However, doctors also use fluoroquinolones (including Cipro® and Levaquin®), cephalosporins (including Cefepime®), and azithromycin.

Your doctor will choose based on the most up-to-date recommendations. Antibiotics are widely available in the United States and in most other countries in the world. Do not attempt to self-treat with leftover antibiotics.

Some people need supportive therapies, such as fluid or electrolyte replacement, depending on the severity of the infection.

What complications are associated with typhoid fever?

People who do not receive treatment for typhoid fever may have symptoms of the disease for months. In those cases, complications, like kidney failure or intestinal hemorrhage (severe bleeding), are possible. In severe cases, typhoid fever is fatal if left untreated. They may also become carriers and spread the illness to others.

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