How is type 1 diabetes in children managed?

Type 1 diabetes is managed by monitoring glucose levels. In addition, the child will need to:

  • Check blood sugar levels a few times a day
  • Give themselves (or with adult help) insulin injections or use an insulin pump
  • Eat a balanced, healthy diet
  • Get regular exercise
  • Manage stress
  • Work closely with healthcare providers and family to control diabetes
  • Follow treatment plan created by healthcare provider
  • Take the A1C blood test to check how well diabetes is being managed

What is the treatment for type 1 diabetes in children?

Treatment for type 1 diabetes is lifelong and requires daily insulin injections or use of an insulin pump. The pump holds a reservoir filled with insulin. Tubing connects the reservoir to the cannula, or tube, which is inserted just under the skin. The pump is worn outside the body on a belt or pocket. These treatments help to control blood glucose levels.

What are the risk factors/complications in children who have type 1 diabetes?

If early signs of diabetes are not noticed and treatment is delayed, ketones can build up in the blood and cause:

  • Stomach pain
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Fruity-smelling breath
  • Breathing problems
  • Loss of consciousness

Long-term complications include:

  • Heart disease
  • Stroke
  • Vision impairment
  • Kidney damage
  • Loss of fingers, toes
  • Loss of teeth

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