How is type 1 diabetes in children managed?
Type 1 diabetes is managed by monitoring glucose levels. In addition, the child will need to:
- Check blood sugar levels a few times a day
- Give themselves (or with adult help) insulin injections or use an insulin pump
- Eat a balanced, healthy diet
- Get regular exercise
- Manage stress
- Work closely with healthcare providers and family to control diabetes
- Follow treatment plan created by healthcare provider
- Take the A1C blood test to check how well diabetes is being managed
What is the treatment for type 1 diabetes in children?
Treatment for type 1 diabetes is lifelong and requires daily insulin injections or use of an insulin pump. The pump holds a reservoir filled with insulin. Tubing connects the reservoir to the cannula, or tube, which is inserted just under the skin. The pump is worn outside the body on a belt or pocket. These treatments help to control blood glucose levels.
What are the risk factors/complications in children who have type 1 diabetes?
If early signs of diabetes are not noticed and treatment is delayed, ketones can build up in the blood and cause:
- Stomach pain
- Fruity-smelling breath
- Breathing problems
- Loss of consciousness
Long-term complications include:
- Heart disease
- Vision impairment
- Kidney damage
- Loss of fingers, toes
- Loss of teeth