How is a chalazion diagnosed?

A chalazion is usually diagnosed by a visual exam of the eyelid.

What are the risk factors for developing a chalazion?

Anyone can get a chalazion. However, you may be more likely to get a chalazion if you:

  • Have had a chalazion or sty before
  • Have blepharitis (an inflammation of the eyelids)
  • Have certain skin conditions, such as acne rosacea or seborrheic dermatitits

Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 12/27/2017.


  • American Academy of Ophthalmology. What are Chalazion and Styes? Accessed 12/27/2017.
  • Merck Manual Consumer Version. Chalazion and Stye (Hordeolum). Accessed 12/27/2017.
  • Hordeolum: Acute abscess within an eyelid sebaceous gland. Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine 2016;May;83(5):332-334.
  • Lindsley K, Nichols JJ, Dickersin K. Non-surgical interventions for acute internal hordeolum. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2017, Issue 1. Art. No.: CD007742. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD007742.pub4.
  • Vagefi M. Vagefi M Vagefi, M. Reza.Lids & Lacrimal Apparatus. In: Riordan-Eva P, Augsburger JJ. Riordan-Eva P, Augsburger J.J. Eds. Paul Riordan-Eva, and James J. Augsburger.eds. Vaughan & Asbury's General Ophthalmology, 19e New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.

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