How is Stevens-Johnson syndrome treated?
- Stopping the medication that has caused the problem
- Replacing electrolytes with intravenous (IV) fluids
- Using non-adhesive dressings
- Using high-calorie food, possibly by tube-feeding, to promote healing
- Using antibiotics when needed to prevent infection
- Providing pain relief medications
- Treating in an intensive care or burn unit in a hospital
- Using specialist teams from dermatology and ophthalmology (if eyes are affected)
- In some cases, treating with IV immunoglobulin or amniotic membrane grafts (for eyes)
What are the complications of Stevens-Johnson syndrome?
The most severe complication of SJS and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) is death. Death happens in about 10% of cases of SJS, and about 50% of TEN. Other complications could include:
- Sepsis (massive bacterial infections)
- Multiple organ failure