What is the prognosis for someone with pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP)?

Treatment such as whole lung lavage (WLL) can provide relief for people with PAP. Without treatment, PAP can sometimes cause respiratory failure or death.

Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 06/06/2018.

References

  • Expert knowledge and experience of healthcare providers at Cleveland Clinic
  • Genetic and Rare Disease Information Center. Autoimmune Pulmonary Alveolar Proteinosis. Accessed 6/11/2018.
  • Borie R, Danel C, Debray MP, et al. Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis. Eur Respir Rev. 2011;20(120):98-107.
  • National Organization for Rare Disorders. Pulmonary Alveolar Proteinosis. Accessed 6/11/2018.
  • Alshati MH. Alveolar proteinosis: a slow drowning in mud. Cleve Clin J Med. 2014; 81(8):468-470. doi:10.3949/ccjm.81a.13085.
  • Kumar A, Abdelmalak B, Inoue Y, Culver DA. Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis in adults: pathophysiology and clinical approach. The Lancet Respiratory Medicine. January 2018. doi:10.1016/s2213-2600(18)30043-2.

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