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Center for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Pericardial Diseases

The multidisciplinary team of experts in the Center for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Pericardial Diseases includes cardiologists, cardiac surgeons, nurses and other specialists, such as rheumatologists and infectious disease physicians. We provide:

  • A thorough evaluation of patients using state-of-the-art diagnostic testing
  • Multi-disciplinary approach to comprehensive care for patients with pericardial diseases
  • Ongoing research and education to provide patients with high-quality and innovative therapies

For more information

If you need more information or would like to make an appointment with a specialist, contact us, chat online with a nurse or call the Miller Family Heart and Vascular Institute Resource & Information Nurse at 216.445.9288 or toll-free at 866.289.6911. We would be happy to help you.

Glossary of Pericarditis Terms

  • Acute pericarditis: Inflammation of the pericardium that develops suddenly and is accompanied by the sudden onset of symptoms.
  • Cardiac tamponade: A severe compression of the heart that impairs its ability to function. Cardiac tamponade is a medical emergency that requires prompt diagnosis and treatment. Chronic pericarditis:Inflammation of the pericardium that lasts for three months or longer after the initial acute attack.
  • Constrictive pericarditis: A severe form of pericarditis in which the inflamed layers of the pericardium stiffen, develop scar tissue, thicken and stick together. Constrictive pericarditis interferes with the normal function of the heart.
  • Infectious pericarditis: Pericarditis that develops as the result of a viral, bacterial, fungal or parasitic infection.
  • Idiopathic pericarditis: Pericarditis that does not have a known cause.
  • Pericardium: The thin, two-layered, fluid-filled sac that covers the outer surface of the heart.
  • Pericardial effusion: Excess fluid build-up in the pericardium.
  • Pericardial window: A minimally invasive surgical procedure performed to drain fluid that has accumulated in the pericardium. This surgical procedure involves a small chest incision through which an opening is made in the pericardium.
  • Pericardiectomy: Surgical treatment of pericarditis that involves the removal of a portion of the pericardium.
  • Pericardiocentesis: A procedure performed to drain excess fluid from the pericardium with a catheter.
  • Traumatic pericarditis: Pericarditis that develops as the result of injury to the chest, such as after a car accident.
  • Uremic pericarditis: Pericarditis that develops as the result of kidney failure.

Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 05/03/2019.

References

  • Cremer PC, Kumar A, Kontzias A, Tan CD, Rodriguez ER, Imazio M, Klein AL. Complicated Pericarditis: Understanding Risk Factors and Pathophysiology to Inform Imaging and Treatment. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2016 Nov 29;68(21):2311-2328. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2016.07.785.
  • Adler Y, Charron P, Imazio M, et al. 2015 ESC Guidelines for the diagnosis and management of pericardial diseases: The Task Force for the Diagnosis and Management of Pericardial Diseases of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC)Endorsed by: The European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery (EACTS). Eur Heart J. 2015 Nov 7;36(42):2921-64. doi: 10.1093/eurheartj/ehv318. Epub 2015 Aug 29.
  • Klein AL, Abbara S, Agler DA, Appleton CP, Asher CR, Hoit B, Hung J, Garcia MJ, Kronzon I, Oh JK, Rodriguez ER, Schaff HV, Schoenhagen P, Tan CD, White RD. American Society of Echocardiography clinical recommendations for multimodality cardiovascular imaging of patients with pericardial disease: endorsed by the Society for Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance and Society of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2013 Sep;26(9):965-1012.e15. doi: 10.1016/j.echo.2013.06.023.
  • Xu B, Harb SC, Cremer PC. New Insights into Pericarditis: Mechanisms of Injury and Therapeutic Targets. Curr Cardiol Rep. 2017 Jul;19(7):60. doi: 10.1007/s11886-017-0866-6.

At Cleveland Clinic, we have a special center dedicated to the treatment of Pericarditis. To help people evaluate all available options for treating pericarditis, Cleveland Clinic's specialists have prepared a free downloadable Pericarditis Guide to help patients better understand their condition and their treatment options.

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