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- American Heart Association. About Congenital Heart Defects* Accessed 3/12/2015.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Facts about Congenital Heart Defects* Accessed 3/12/2015.
- National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. What are Congenital Heart Defects?* Accessed 3/12/2015.
- Hirsh JC, Devaney EJ, Ohye RG, Bove EL. Chapter 19B. The Heart: II. Congenital Heart Disease. In: Doherty GM. eds. CURRENT Diagnosis & Treatment: Surgery, 13e. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill; 2010.
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This document was last reviewed on: 05/16/2019