How is periodontitis treated?

Your gum disease treatment plan depends on how severe the condition is. Treatments range from deep cleaning to surgery. No matter what type of treatment you have, it’s important to maintain good dental hygiene after treatment. Doing so will keep your mouth healthy.

How does deep cleaning treat periodontitis?

During a deep cleaning, your provider removes plaque. Providers use methods called scaling and root planing, which they may do with a laser:

  • Scaling scrapes off the tartar from above and below the gum line.
  • Root planing gets rid of the rough spots on the roots of the teeth. It helps remove the bacteria that cause periodontitis.

Will I need medication for periodontitis?

Your provider may prescribe an antimicrobial mouthwash or antibiotic gel. These treatments can reduce bacteria in your mouth.

Will I need periodontitis surgery?

If you have severe periodontitis, your provider may recommend:

  • Flap surgery: Your periodontist lifts back the gums and removes tartar deposits in the pockets around the teeth. The gums then get sutured (stitched) closely around the teeth.
  • Bone and tissue grafting: This procedure uses natural or synthetic (artificial) bone. Your periodontist grafts (connects) it to any areas of lost bone to promote growth. Your provider may also use a procedure to help the gum tissue regenerate (regrow).

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