How is periodontitis treated?
Treatment for periodontitis depends on the severity of the condition. Treatments include the following:
- Deep cleaning: The periodontist removes plaque through deep-cleaning methods called scaling and root planing. This can sometimes be done with a laser. Scaling refers to scraping off the tartar from above and below the gum line. In root planing, the periodontist gets rid of rough spots on the roots of the teeth, which helps remove bacteria that cause periodontitis.
- Medication: Medications such as a prescription antimicrobial mouthwash or antibiotic gel might be prescribed to reduce bacteria in the mouth.
In severe cases of periodontitis, surgery may be necessary to help save the teeth. Types of surgery include:
- Flap surgery: A procedure in which your periodontist removes tartar deposits in pockets around the teeth by lifting back the gums. The gums are then sutured closely around the teeth.
- Bone and tissue grafts: Surgery in which natural or synthetic bone is grafted onto the areas of bone loss, to help promote bone growth. Tissue regeneration techniques may be done in conjunction with bone grafts.
Your periodontist will advise you on the best course of treatment for your periodontitis.