Can uterine cancer be prevented?

Most cases of uterine cancer cannot be prevented, but women can take some measures to reduce their risks by:

  • Maintaining a healthy weight.
  • Using oral contraceptives.
  • Controlling diabetes.

In addition, women who are considering estrogen replacement therapy should talk to their doctors to evaluate their risk of uterine cancer.

The American Cancer Society encourages women to discuss any unexpected bleeding or spotting with their doctors. Women who have or are at high risk for hereditary nonpolyposis colon cancer (HNPCC) should receive annual screenings for uterine cancer with an endometrial biopsy starting at age 35.

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