Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 07/21/2017.
- Radiological Society of North America and American College of Radiology. Kidney and bladder stones Accessed 7/24/2017.
- Merck Manuals Consumer Version. Stones in the urinary tract (Urolithiasis) Accessed 7/24/2017.
- NHS Choices. Bladder stones Accessed 7/24/2017.
- Stoller ML. Chapter 17. Urinary Stone Disease. In: McAninch JW, Lue TF. eds. Smith and Tanagho's General Urology, 18e. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill; 2013. accessmedicine.mhmedical.com Accessed 7/24/2017.
- Stav K, Dwyer PL. Urinary bladder stones in women. Obstet Gynecol Surv. 2012;67(11):715-25 Tahtalı İN, Karataş T. Giant bladder stone: A case report and review of the literature. Turk J Urol. 2014;40(3):189-91.