How are bladder stones diagnosed?

In addition to an examination by a healthcare provider, tests to diagnose bladder stones include:

  • Urine tests
  • X-ray
  • Ultrasonography (ultrasound)
  • Computed tomography (CT) scans, especially spiral CT scans which combine many images to provide better information
  • Cystoscopy (looking in the bladder with a small scope)

Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 07/21/2017.


  • Radiological Society of North America and American College of Radiology. Kidney and bladder stones Accessed 7/24/2017.
  • Merck Manuals Consumer Version. Stones in the urinary tract (Urolithiasis) Accessed 7/24/2017.
  • NHS Choices. Bladder stones Accessed 7/24/2017.
  • Stoller ML. Chapter 17. Urinary Stone Disease. In: McAninch JW, Lue TF. eds. Smith and Tanagho's General Urology, 18e. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill; 2013. Accessed 7/24/2017.
  • Stav K, Dwyer PL. Urinary bladder stones in women. Obstet Gynecol Surv. 2012;67(11):715-25 Tahtalı İN, Karataş T. Giant bladder stone: A case report and review of the literature. Turk J Urol. 2014;40(3):189-91.

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