How is gynecomastia diagnosed?

The diagnosis is based on physical symptoms, breast exam, medical history and medication review, and other exams. Breast pain and tenderness are common symptoms. Often times a firm rubbery disk of tissue, located directly beneath the nipple area, is felt during the exam. The lump is easily moveable within the breast tissue. Your doctor will review all the medications, supplements, and herbal products you take. Your doctor will also review your medical history and order tests to determine if other diseases/conditions are the cause of the gynecomastia. Breast imaging tests -- a mammogram and/or breast ultrasound -- may be ordered. These tests are usually ordered to rule out breast cancer. Your doctor may also order blood tests to check your hormone levels.

Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 06/10/2016.


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