How is vaginal and uterine prolapse treated?
- Hysterectomy: Surgical removal of the uterus in cases of severe uterine prolapse.
- Uterine suspension: Putting the uterus back in its normal position, either by connecting support tissue to the lower part of the uterus, or by using a mesh material that forms a sling to hold it in place.
- Kegel exercises: Tightening and relaxing the muscles used to control the flow of urine in order to strengthen the muscles that support the pelvic organs.
- Taking the hormone estrogen: Helps prevent further weakening of pelvic support muscles but has a number of possible negative side effects.
- Vaginal pessary: A removable rubber or plastic device inserted into the vagina to provide support in the area of the prolapse. Pessaries are most often used when the patient wants to avoid surgery or has medical problems that make surgery too risky.