How is persistent pulmonary hypertension in the neonate (PPHN) treated?
The treatment of PPHN may include:
- Use of oxygen.
- Use of a special ventilator that breathes for the baby at a very fast rate.
- Blood pressure support, such as giving medicine intravenously (IV or through the vein).
- Use of nitric oxide, which helps to dilate or open up the pulmonary vasculature (blood vessels in the lungs).
- Use of a temporary heart-lung bypass, called extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), as a rescue therapy.