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Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 02/18/2020.

References

  • Carey RM, Calhoun DA, Bakris GL, et al. Resistant Hypertension: Detection, Evaluation, and Management: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association. Hypertension. 2018; 72(5):e53-e90
  • American Heart Association. Resistant Hypertension. Accessed 3/28/2020.
  • American College of Cardiology. Diagnosis and Management of Resistant Hypertension. Accessed 3/28/2020.
  • Yaxley JP, Thambar SV. Resistant hypertension: an approach to management in primary care. J Family Med Prim Care. 2015;4(2):193–199. doi:10.4103/2249-4863.154630
  • Calhoun DA, Jones D, Textor S, et al. Resistant hypertension: Diagnosis, evaluation, and treatment. A scientific statement from the American Heart Association Professional Education Committee of the Council for High Blood Pressure Research. Hypertension 2008;51:1403-1419.
  • Vongpatanasin W. Resistant hypertension: A review of diagnosis and management. JAMA 2014;311:2216-2224.

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