How is a ruptured eardrum treated?
Ear drops or oral medication (antibiotics) may be prescribed. In most cases, healing of the eardrum occurs spontaneously within two months. Usually, hearing loss (if any) lasts a short time. Some rare complications of a ruptured eardrum include:
- Long-term hearing loss
- Long-term vertigo
- Long-term dizziness
- Infection that can spread in the ear
- Persistent ear drum perforation (hole)
It is typically more comfortable to keep the ear dry while showering and one should avoid swimming until after examined. When blowing your nose, do not be too forceful because the pressure can create pain and discomfort in your ears.
If an eardrum does not heal after two months of observation, an ear, nose, and throat specialist may perform a simple repair called a myringoplasty to help aid the healing process. This procedure is used to repair small tears in an eardrum and consists of a small patch placed in or on the hole. If the tear does not heal properly or is taking too long to heal, a surgery known as a tympanoplasty may be required. Tympanoplasty is a more formal procedure that repairs a damaged ear drum.