How is frostbite diagnosed?

Typically, frostbite is diagnosed by physically looking at the area and evaluating symptoms.

Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 11/07/2017.

References

  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Frostbite Accessed 3/6/2018.
  • Biem J, Koehncke N, Classen D, Dosman J. Out of the cold: management of hypothermia and frostbite. CMAJ February 04, 2003 168 (3) 305-311. Accessed 3/6/2018.
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Avoid, Spot, Treat Frostbite & Hypothermia. Accessed 3/6/2018.
  • Ikäheimo TM, Junila J, Hirvonen J, Hassi J. Chapter 202. Frostbite and Other Localized Cold Injuries. In: Tintinalli JE, Stapczynski J, Ma O, Cline DM, Cydulka RK, Meckler GD, T. eds. Tintinalli's Emergency Medicine: A Comprehensive Study Guide, 7e. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill; 2011. library.ccf.org. Accessed 3/6/2018.
  • Expertise of Cleveland Clinic staff, Vascular Medicine.

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