How are changes in urine diagnosed?

If you have changes in the color, odor, or consistency of your urine that last more than a few days and do not seem tied to any diet or medicine changes, you should seek medical advice.

Your doctor will most likely begin your appointment by asking you to describe the changes. This includes asking about how long you have had these changes and whether you have seen any blood in your urine. The doctor will also ask about any dietary or medicine changes and how much water or liquids you are drinking. He or she will also ask if you are feeling pain when urinating or have pain in your abdomen or bladder area. You may also be asked about any appetite or thirst changes. These questions will help determine if an underlying condition could be causing the changes in your urine. The doctor will then take a urine sample to study. The study will look for bacteria that could be causing an infection. The doctor will also look for the presence of red blood cells or high levels of protein, which could indicate problems with the kidney.

A blood test may also be taken to check for possible kidney damage, diabetes, or a buildup of liver enzymes.

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