How are nasal polyps treated?

Nasal polyps cannot be cured, but they can be treated with medications. Corticosteroid nasal sprays and pills are the most frequently used medications for treating nasal polyps. Antibiotics may be prescribed if the patient has a sinus infection caused by bacteria.

If the condition gets worse, the patient may need surgery. The type of surgery depends on how severe the polyps are. Endoscopic sinus surgery is the most commonly performed procedure for nasal polyps. This is an outpatient surgery in which the surgeon uses an endoscope (a small thin tube with a light and video camera), along with other instruments, to examine the inside of the nose, remove the nasal polyps, and open up the sinus cavities for proper drainage.

What are the complications of nasal polyps?

The complications of nasal polyps include:

  • Chronic (long-term) or frequent sinus infections
  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Asthma flare-ups
  • Double vision (severe cases)

Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 02/06/2017.

References

  • American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. Nasal Polyps Accessed 2/9/2017.
  • American Academy of Otolaryngology— Head and Neck Surgery. Allergic Rhinitis, Sinusitis, and Rhinosinusitis Accessed 2/9/2017.
  • Newton JR, Ah-See KW. A review of nasal polyposis. Ther Clin Risk Manag. 2008 Apr; 4(2): 507–512.

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