What can I expect after drug injection treatment for macular degeneration?
After treatment, your physician may order another OCT picture, or sometimes an angiogram, to make sure there are no other areas of blood leakage. If the OCT shows that there is still leakage, more treatment is usually recommended. There are various treatment schedules used, such as “as needed” or “PRN,” monthly, and “treat and extend” schedules. Talk to your doctor about what treatment schedule to anticipate. Most treatment is in the first year, but periodic injections are generally needed for five or even more years.
Are there any side effects of the anti-angiogenesis eye injections?
Rare complications may include:
- Damage to structures in the eye, including more rapid clouding of the lens (cataract).
- In very rare instances, retinal detachment or severe loss of vision may occur. In studies, 1 to 2% of patients receiving the drugs had a heart attack or stroke over the next year, which appears to be a similar rate to that seen in the control group of patients.
What is the outlook for people with age-related macular degeneration (AMD)?
Unfortunately, AMD can return even after successful treatment. The various treatments can slow the rate of vision loss and hopefully preserve some sight.