How is varicocele diagnosed?
The doctor can diagnose a varicocele during a physical examination by palpating, or feeling, the spermatic cord. A varicocele is described as feeling like a bag of worms in the scrotal sac. As mentioned, the testicle with the varicocele may be smaller than the other testicle.
In some cases, the doctor may perform an ultrasound to confirm the diagnosis. Ultrasound, also known as sonography, or ultrasonography, is a procedure that transmits high-frequency sound waves through body tissues. The echoes are recorded and transformed into video or photographs of the inside of the body.
Semen tests and blood tests may be recommended in men with a varicocele who are concerned about their fertility.