Hematuria is the presence of blood cells in the urine. Hematuria can be called either gross or microscopic.
There can be a number of different causes of hematuria, some more serious than others. These conditions include, but are not limited to:
Please note that urine can also change colors due to food choices. Foods such as beets, blackberries, and rhubarb, as well as food with a lot of dyes, can cause your urine to change color.
Although blood in the urine is not always a significant symptom of disease, it can be an important warning sign to a possible health problem.
Bloody urine should never be ignored. Contact your doctor right away if there is blood in your urine, especially if you are also suffering from:
During the visit to your doctor, he or she will take a medical history and perform a physical examination. This will help your doctor to better understand your symptoms. Your doctor may order other tests. These tests may include:
The treatment of hematuria depends strongly on the actual cause of blood in the urine. The information collected from the medical history, physical exam, and any test results will be used to determine the best treatment option.
For hematuria that is caused by a UTI, for example, a common treatment is the use of antibiotics. These antibiotics work to kill the bacteria causing the UTI, which should stop the bleeding.
People who are most likely to have blood in their urine are those with existing diseases that are known to cause hematuria, such as the ones listed in the section related to causes of hematuria. However, certain actions may increase a person’s chances of having blood in their urine. These include:
Avoiding these actions may decrease the chances of having blood in your urine.
Blood in the urine should never be ignored. It is very important to contact your doctor or healthcare provider if you see blood in your urine or if you have other symptoms related to hematuria.
Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 06/13/2018.