How is hematuria diagnosed?

During the visit to your doctor, he or she will take a medical history and perform a physical examination. This will help your doctor to better understand your symptoms. Your doctor may order other tests. These tests may include:

  • Urinalysis: A test on a urine sample.
  • Urine culture: A urine test that checks for an infection.
  • Urine cytology: A urine test that checks for any abnormal appearing cells.
  • Cystoscopy: A test that uses a device called a cystoscope to look at the inside of the bladder and urethra.
  • Computed tomography (CT) scan: A test that uses X-rays and computers to make cross-sectional images of the abdomen and pelvis.

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