How is Susac's syndrome treated?
Susac's syndrome is best treated as soon as possible with an aggressive, long-term course of drugs that suppress the immune system, such as steroids. Medications may include:
- Intravenous methylprednisolone
- Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG)
- Mycophenolate mofetil
- Biological therapies
Some doctors recommend that Susac's syndrome patients avoid the use of oral contraceptives and estrogen-replacement therapies because hormones may aggravate the blockage of blood vessels.
What can be expected after treatment for Susac's syndrome?
The immunosuppressive drugs give the body a chance to correct itself while slowing down the immune system's attacks. As this correction takes place, the dosage of drugs can be decreased. The patient should be watched so that drug levels are kept in balance with the rate at which the immune system stabilizes. If treatment is discontinued too quickly, the disease may flare up again.