How is tricuspid atresia treated?

The potentially fatal complications of this disease can be avoided with prompt treatment. These complications include:

  • Not getting enough oxygen to the body’s tissues
  • A high count of red blood cells, which may cause clots that can lead to stroke or heart attack

The standard surgery used to treat tricuspid atresia is known as the Fontan procedure. During this surgery, the surgeon forms a path that allows oxygen-poor blood that is going back to the heart to flow directly into the arteries that transport blood into the lungs. Most children with tricuspid atresia do not have the Fontan procedure until they are at least 2 years of age. Some children with this defect are not good candidates for this surgery.

What follow-up care is required after treatment?

Your baby will need lifelong follow-up care so that a cardiologist can monitor his or her health. The cardiologist can let you know whether your child has to continue taking preventive antibiotics before procedures such as dental care. Sometimes, the cardiologist will recommend that your child limit physical activity that is too vigorous.

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