How are pediatric congenital heart defects diagnosed?
Tests to diagnose heart defects might include:
- Physical examination, including listening to the heart with a stethoscope.
- Chest X-ray.
- Electrocardiogram to test heart rate patterns.
- Echocardiogram (takes pictures of the heart using sound waves).
- Cardiac catheterization (a thin tube is inserted through a vein into the heart to obtain details on heart function).
Some defects can be diagnosed while the baby is still developing in the womb.