How are pancreatic cysts and pseudocysts treated?
Most pseudocysts resolve on their own without treatment, over time. However, when symptoms become persistent, complications emerge or a cyst become larger than 6 centimeters in size, it should be drained.
There are three methods of cyst drainage:
- Endoscopic drainage.
- Percutaneous catheter drainage, which uses hollow tube inserted into the body to remove fluid.
- Surgical drainage, either via open surgery or laparoscopic surgery (using a laparoscope, a surgical tool that only requires a small incision).
Endoscopic drainage is gaining acceptance because it's less invasive, has less risk of complications than open surgery, doesn't require an external drain, and its long-term success rate is high.