How is musculoskeletal pain treated?
Musculoskeletal pain is best treated by treating its cause. This will vary depending on whether you are experiencing bone, muscle, ligament, tendon, or joint pain, or some other kind of musculoskeletal pain.
- Physical or occupational therapy.
- Using a splint to immobilize the affected joint and allow healing.
- Using heat or cold.
- Reducing workload and increasing rest.
- Reducing stress through relaxation and biofeedback techniques.
- Acupuncture or acupressure.
- Injections with an anesthetic or anti-inflammatory medications in or around the painful sites.
- Strengthening and conditioning exercises.
- Stretching exercises.
- Chiropractic care.
- Therapeutic massage.
For patients with fibromyalgia, medications to increase the body's levels of serotonin and norepinephrine (neurotransmitters that modulate sleep, pain, and immune system function) are often prescribed in low doses.
Pain relievers may be used during treatment for any type of musculoskeletal pain. Your doctor may recommend analgesics such as acetaminophen, NSAIDs, or if the pain is severe, opioids.