What are the advantages and disadvantages of intraocular lens implants?

Intraocular lenses have the potential to reduce the magnification and optical distortion often associated with other methods of restoring focusing power, such as glasses. Intraocular lenses are permanent replacements for the natural lens and, therefore, require less maintenance than contact lenses. Children may prefer an intraocular lens implant because it gives them more freedom to pursue normal childhood activities without the worry of dislodging or losing a contact lens.

As with any surgical procedure, there are risks and special considerations associated with intraocular lens implantation. Major complications are rare. Your doctor will discuss with you any risks or complications that could occur during or after the intraocular lens implant procedure.

What is the long-term prognosis for children who have had cataract surgery?

Children with congenital cataracts have a good prognosis if treated within the first 2 months of life. Left untreated, the prognosis is poor. Children whose cataracts develop a few months after birth have a better visual prognosis because some visual development has occurred. With a successful surgery, long-term patching is necessary to complete the process of restoring vision.

Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 03/22/2015.

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