Can osteonecrosis (ON) be prevented?

Because the exact cause of osteonecrosis (ON) is unknown, there aren't known preventions. There are, however, indirect risk factors that can be controlled:

  • Excessive drinking of alcohol
  • Excessive smoking

Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 12/10/2017.


  • American College of Rheumatology. Osteonecrosis. Accessed 6/4/2018.
  • National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases. Osteonecrosis. Accessed 6/4/2018
  • Mont MA, Cherian JJ, Sierra RJ, et al. Nontraumatic Osteonecrosis of the Femoral Head: Where Do We Stand Today? A Ten-Year Update. J Bone Joint Surg Am 2015;97:1604–27
  • Chughtai M, Piuzzi NS, Khlopas A, Jones LC, Goodman SB, Mont MA. An evidence-based guide to the treatment of osteonecrosis of the femoral head. Bone Joint J 2017;99–B:1267–79.

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