How is adenomyosis diagnosed?

Healthcare providers often diagnose adenomyosis based on symptoms and one or more of these tests:

  • Pelvic exam: During a pelvic exam, your provider may notice that your uterus has gotten larger, softer, or more painful when palpated.
  • Ultrasound: A transvaginal ultrasound uses sound waves to produce images of pelvic organs. These images can sometimes show thickening of the muscle raising suspicion for adenomyosis.
  • Imaging scans: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans can show uterine enlargement and thickening of certain areas of the uterus which can be indicative of adenomyosis.
  • Biopsy: Because tissue grows within the uterus walls, the only way to biopsy tissue is after a hysterectomy, which removes the uterus.

Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 08/18/2020.

References

  • Merck Manual. Adenomyosis. Accessed 8/21/2020.
  • The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG). Heavy Menstrual Bleeding. Accessed 8/21/2020.
  • Dougherty MP, DeCherney AH. Dougherty M.P., & DeCherney A.H. Dougherty, Michael P., and Alan H. DeCherney.Benign Disorders of the Uterine Corpus. In: DeCherney AH, Nathan L, Laufer N, Roman AS. DeCherney A.H., & Nathan L, & Laufer N, & Roman A.S.(Eds.),Eds. Alan H. DeCherney, et al.eds. CURRENT Diagnosis & Treatment: Obstetrics & Gynecology, 12e. McGraw-Hill; Accessed 8/21/2020.

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