How is sickle cell disease treated?

Treatment of sickle cell disease depends upon the symptoms a person is experiencing. Treatment includes early diagnosis, health promotion, and symptom prevention. Some medicines that can be used to treat sickle cell disease include:

  • Pain medications, including opioids and anti-inflammatory medicines.
  • Antibiotics.
  • Hydroyurea (e.g., Hydrea®and Droxia®).
  • Iron chelation therapy ( Desferal®, Jadenu®, Exjade®).
  • Folic acid.
  • Anticonvulsants such as gabapentin.

Bone marrow transplant is a treatment modality that offers a cure for sickle cell disease. However, due to several complications that could occur, it is only offered to patients who have had serious complications from sickle cell disease.

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