Are spinal cord injuries permanent?

Complete spinal cord injuries are usually permanent. Incomplete spinal cord injuries may allow for some functional improvement over time.

Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 12/01/2020.

References

  • Akkus S, Sezer N, Ugurlu FG. Chronic Complications of Spinal Cord Injury. World Journal of Orthopedics. 2015;6:23-33. Accessed 11/30/2020.
  • American Association of Neurological Surgeons. Spinal Cord Injury. Accessed 11/30/2020.
  • Atresh S, Goss B, Schuetz M, Urquhart S, Van Middendorp JJ, Williams RP. Diagnosis and Prognosis of Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury. Global Spine Journal. 2011;1:1-8. Accessed 11/30/2020.
  • Bellon K, Bitterman B, Chen D, Klaas SJ, Kolakowsky-Hayner SA, McDowell S. Evidence-based Practice in Primary Prevention of Spinal Cord Injury. Topics in Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation. 2013;19:25-30. Accessed 11/30/2020.
  • Burns AS, Fehlings MG, Harrop JS, Hawryluk G, Kwon BK, Martin AR, Tetreault LA, Wilson JR. A Clinical Practice Guideline for the Management of Acute Spinal Cord Injury: Introduction, Rationale, and Scope. Global Spine Journal. 2017;73:845-945. Accessed 11/30/2020.
  • Chen Y, Devivo MJ, Tang Y, Vogel LC. Causes of Spinal Cord Injury. Topics in Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation. 2013;19:1-8. Accessed 11/30/2020.
  • Fakhoury M. Neural Prostheses for Restoring Functions Lost After Spinal Cord Injury. Neural Regeneration Research. 2015;10:1594-1595. Accessed 11/30/2020.
  • Merck Manual. Spinal Cord. Accessed 11/30/2020.
  • National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. Neurological Diagnostic Tests and Procedures Fact Sheet. Accessed 11/30/2020.
  • National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. Spinal Cord Injury Information Page. Accessed 11/30/2020.

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