How is anthrax infection treated?

Several different antibiotics including ciprofloxacin (Cipro) and doxycycline can kill _Bacillus anthrac_is if diagnosed early. Cutaneous anthrax is often caught in an early stage because of its telltale signs. However, inhalation anthrax may be mistaken for other common illnesses and therefore, is often not diagnosed until severe symptoms appear.

At this stage, antibiotic treatment is ineffective. For this reason, researchers are working on developing other effective treatments, including combinations of antibiotics and antibodies and gene-based therapies. An anthrax vaccine has been available since the 1970s and is used primarily for military troops deployed in "high risk" areas.

Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 01/17/2017.


  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Anthrax Accessed 1/13/2017.
  • Medline Plus—U.S. National Library of Medicine. Anthrax Accessed 1/13/2017.

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