Retinal detachment is a serious condition that occurs when the retina pulls away from its supporting tissues. Since the retina can't work properly under these conditions, permanent vision loss might occur if a detachment is not repaired.
Retinal detachment is considered a risk for the following groups of people:
Retinal detachment might also be spontaneous (occur suddenly). This occurs more often in the elderly or in nearsighted people.
Symptoms of retinal detachment include:
There is no pain associated with retinal detachment, but if you have any of the symptoms listed above, contact your eye doctor immediately.
Retinal detachment is diagnosed through an eye exam by a retinal specialist.
There are a number of approaches to treating a detached retina. Sometimes these approaches can be combined. Treatments include the following:
Early diagnosis is key to preventing vision loss associated with retinal detachment. It is important to get your eyes checked every year, and more often if you are at greater risk of eye disease.
Regular eye exams are important for people who are nearsighted and more prone to retinal detachment. If you are unsure about your risk, talk to your eye doctor. He or she can tell you how often you should have your eyes examined.
If you notice any symptoms of a possible retinal detachment, such as flashes, floaters, or darkening of peripheral vision, call your doctor immediately.
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This information is provided by the Cleveland Clinic and is not intended to replace the medical advice of your doctor or healthcare provider. Please consult your healthcare provider for advice about a specific medical condition. This document was last reviewed on: 03/10/2015