How is chronic myofascial pain (CMP) treated?

Treatment options might include:

  • Physical therapy: A therapy program includes stretching, postural and strengthening exercises.
  • Medicine: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen and naproxen, might be used to help reduce pain.
  • Massage therapy: Therapeutic massage can loosen tight muscles and relieve cramping or spasms.
  • Workplace ergonomics: You can adapt your workspace to minimize strain (such as adjusting chair and monitor, taking breaks to stretch and reposition).
  • Injections: This involves injecting a pain medicine (local anesthetic) directly into the trigger points.

It is also important to address any factors — such as poor posture or mechanical problems — that might be contributing to CMP pain.

What complications are associated with chronic myofascial pain (CMP)?

In some cases, the pain of CMP can affect completmentary muscle groups. For example, a muscle can become stressed by bearing a greater load when another muscle is affected by CMP and is not functioning properly.

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