How is necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) treated?
Treatment of NEC is dependent on many things including the baby’s age and overall health, his/her tolerance for specific medications, and the extent of the disease.
Some of the steps taken for treating NEC may include:
- Antibiotics to fight the infection
- Checking bowel movements
- Stopping regular feedings by mouth and instead being fed through an IV
- Regular x-rays to monitor the progress of NEC
- A tube placed in the stomach either through the nose or the mouth; the tube removes air and fluid from the baby's stomach and intestine
- Regular blood work to monitor for infection
- Possible breathing support (depends on severity)
In severe cases of NEC, surgery may be required to remove the diseased part of the intestine.