What are the risks of cystoscopy?

Every patient is different, and the urologist will take into consideration each patient’s specific medical history when explaining possible complications from the procedure. Although minimal, the risks of cystoscopy may include:

  • Urinary tract infections (UTI)
  • Bleeding
  • Abdominal pain
  • Burning or discomfort during urination
  • Possible injury to the urethra or bladder
  • Narrowing of the urethra because of scar tissue formation
  • Trouble urinating due to swelling of surrounding tissues

If any of the following symptoms occur after a cystoscopy, you should call the urologist right away:

  • Inability to urinate and the discomfort of a full bladder
  • Burning or discomfort during urination that lasts more than 2 days
  • Bright red urine or blood clots in the urine
  • Fever
  • Severe discomfort

Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 07/05/2017.


  • NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. Cystoscopy and Ureteroscopy Accessed 6/29/2017.
  • Wuilleumier J, Point D, Fooks H, Zaslau JS. The History of Cystoscopy in Urology, Internet Journal of Urology. 14,1 (2015) ispub.com Accessed 6/29/2017.
  • Urology Care Foundation. What is Cystoscopy? Accessed 6/29/2017.

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