A Well-Rounded Exercise Program
A well-rounded exercise program should include three components:
- Stretching – slow lengthening of the muscles. Stretching the arms and legs before and after exercising helps prepare the muscles for activity and helps prevent injury and muscle strain. Regular stretching also increases your range of motion, flexibility, and muscle function
- Aerobic exercise – activity that provides cardiovascular conditioning by increasing the rate and depth of your breathing, improving the body’s ability to use oxygen, raising your heart rate, and using your large muscle groups. It is known to increase endurance, decrease risk factors for certain diseases, including heart disease, and enhance a feeling of well-being. Examples of aerobic exercise include walking, cycling or swimming.
- Strength training – repeated muscle contractions (tightening) until the muscle becomes tired. Strength training improves strength, body mass and bone density.
To make an appointment with an exercise specialist or to join a cardiac rehabilitation program, contact the Cleveland Clinic Preventive Cardiology - 216.444.9353 or 800.223.2273 ext. 9353.
- Advisory from the Committee on Exercise, Rehabilitation, and Prevention, Council on Clinical Cardiology, American Heart Association, Resistance Exercise in Individuals With and Without Cardiovascular Disease, Circulation, 2000; 101:828-833.
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