Waste products are usually excreted by the kidneys. High levels of waste products in the blood may mean that the kidneys are not working as they should.
Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN):
High levels of BUN can also be found in those on high-protein diets and/or with strenuous exercise.
- Male: 10 – 25 mg/dL
- Female: 8 – 25 mg/dL
Serum Creatinine (CR): An indicator of kidney function
High levels of uric acid are also found in those with gout, arthritis and some metabolic disorders.
- Male: 3 – 8 mg/dL
- Female: 2 – 7 mg/dL
Urine Albumin Creatinine Ratio (U Alb:Cr):
Measures whether there is any protein in the urine. A small amount of protein in the urine is a risk factor for heart and blood vessel disease.